MES Secondary Curriculum

Malacca Expatriate School follows the University of Cambridge IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education) programme which involves four stages, that is Cambridge Primary, Cambridge Secondary 1, Cambridge Secondary 2 and Cambridge Advanced. Students are allowed the flexibility to join in the programme at any stage. This internationally recognised curriculum aims to promote excellence in education through its learner-centred and enquiry-based approach. Students are taught to develop their skills in creative thinking, enquiry and problem solving, thus giving them excellent preparation for the next stage in their education.

Lower Secondary

– Years 7, 8 and 9 (typically aged from 11 – 14 years old)

Our lower secondary curriculum is patterned on the Cambridge Secondary 1 programme which aims to develop students’ skills and understanding especially in the key subject areas of English, Mathematics and Science.

Upper Secondary

– Years 10 and 11 (typically aged from 14 – 16 years old)

Our upper secondary curriculum follows the Cambridge Secondary 2 programme, the curriculum framework of which is based on the IGCSE syllabus. It builds on the foundation of Cambridge Secondary 1. Students study a range of subjects, leading to the prestigious Cambridge IGCSE qualification.

 

 

 

Subject
Details
Accounting

Lower Secondary:

Studying Accounting at lower secondary prepares students with basic accounting skills. With accounting skills, students can pursue further studies in the accounting profession, be an entrepreneur or put those skills to use in other professions.

Students will be able to:

  • describe the conceptual basis of accounting for a sole proprietor.
  • prepare financial statements and related accounting entries for a sole proprietor
  • analyse and interpret information and make recommendation(s) for a sole proprietor

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE: Accounting (0452)

Cambridge IGCSE Accounting is accepted by universities and employers as proof of an understanding of the theory and concepts of accounting, and the ways in which accounting is used in a variety of modern economic and business contexts.

Candidates focus on the skills of recording, reporting, presenting and interpreting financial information; these form an ideal foundation for further study, and for a future career within the profession.

Candidates beginning this course are not expected to have studied Accounting previously.

 
Business Studies

Lower Secondary:

Business Studies provides students with entrepreneurial knowledge and an understanding of business management including the functions of business accounting, human resources, marketing and the importance of ethics and social responsibility.

Students will be able to:

develop skills including critical thinking skills and strategies to solve a broad range of business-related issues and problems.
develop lifelong learning skills to adapt to technological advancement and the global economy.

Upper secondary:

IGSCE: Business Studies (0450)

Cambridge IGCSE Business Studies is accepted by universities and employers as proof of an understanding of business concepts and techniques across a range of different types of businesses. Successful Cambridge IGCSE Business Studies learners will be able to:

  • understand different forms of business organisations, the environments in which businesses
  • operate and business functions such as marketing, operations and finance
  • appreciate the role of people in business success.

They will also gain lifelong skills, including:

  • the ability to calculate and interpret business data;
  • communication skills needed to support arguments with reasons;
  • the ability to analyse business situations and reach decisions or judgements.
 
Economics

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE: Economics (0455)

Cambridge IGCSE Economics is accepted by universities and employers as proof of knowledge and understanding of economics. Successful Cambridge IGCSE Economics candidates gain lifelong skills, including:

  • an understanding of economic theory, terminology and principles;
  • the ability to apply the tools of economic analysis;
  • the ability to distinguish between facts and value judgements in economic issues;
  • an understanding of, and an ability to use, basic economic numeracy and literacy;
  • the ability to take a greater part in decision-making processes in everyday life;
  • an understanding of the economies of developed and developing nations;
  • an excellent foundation for advanced study in economics.

Candidates beginning this course are not expected to have studied economics previously.

 
English

Lower Secondary:

Our prime objective is the advancement of pupil competency through an incremental programme of work involving the integration of the four main skills of Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing. Key elements of English are focused on in a holistic manner. Assessment is an integral part of the English Language Department programme as it enables the teachers to collect evidence of pupils’ achievements periodically and systematically. Furthermore, it highlights the weaknesses of pupils and this forms the platform for the necessary remedial work. THIS IS ESPECIALLY RELEVANT GIVEN THAT EXPATRIATE CHILDREN have different levels of English proficiency depending on whether English is their mother tongue. This will ensure that there is a more level playing field where the acquisition of English is concerned.

The English programme is a continual one beginning with Year 7 and culminating in the IGCSE in Year 11. It will cover the entire spectrum of the necessary skills of Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing.

 

Upper Secondary :

IGCSE : English - First Language (0500)

Designed for students for whom English is their mother tongue, IGCSE First Language English develops the ability to communicate clearly, accurately and effectively in both speech and writing. Students learn how to employ a wide-ranging vocabulary, use correct grammar, spelling and punctuation, and develop a personal style and an awareness of the audience being addressed. Students are also encouraged to read widely, both for their own enjoyment and to further their awareness of the ways in which English can be used. IGCSE First Language English also develops more general analysis and communication skills such as synthesis, inference, and the ability to order facts and present opinions effectively.

IGCSE: English Literature (0486)

Cambridge IGCSE Literature (English) offers learners the opportunity to read, interpret, evaluate and respond to a range of literature in English. The range includes drama, prose and poetry from the works of Shakespeare to contemporary literature. This course enables learners to deepen their understanding and appreciation of the ways in which writers use English to express meaning and achieve effects. Cambridge IGCSE Literature (English) will stimulate learners to read for pleasure, to explore wider and universal issues, promoting a better understanding of themselves and the world.

 
Geography

Lower Secondary:

Geography is a subject that stimulates and nurtures a keen interest as well as a sense of wonder about our world. It helps young people to understand our complex and dynamically changing world. Geography helps explain how the earth and its varied landscapes are formed, how a diverse range of economies, societies and environments are interconnected in our global world today. It builds up the students’ own experiences as they investigate places at micro and macro scales around the world.

Year 7

It’s Geography, Making and Mapping Connections, Settlements, Let’s Go Shopping, Exploring Britain, Rivers, Floods, Sport and Our Restless Planet.

Year 8

People and the Planet, Coasts, Weather and Climate, Ecosystems, Our Warming Planet, Energy, Crime, Oi Brazil! and London , your capital city.

Year 9

Development, Close-up on  China, USA, The Global Fashion, Coffee Break, Tourism-good or bad, The Ocean and Our World in 2030.

 

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE : Geography (0460)

Through the IGCSE Geography syllabus, students will develop a 'sense of place' by looking at the world around them on a local, regional and global scale. Students will examine a range of natural and man-made environments, and learn about some of the processes which affected their development. They will also look at the ways in which people interact with their environment and the opportunities and challenges an environment can present, thereby gaining a deeper insight into the different communities and cultures that exist around the world.

Successful Cambridge IGCSE Geography candidates develop lifelong skills, including:

  • An understanding of the processes which affect physical and human environments.
  • An understanding of location on a local, regional and global scale.
  • The ability to use and understand geographical data and information.
  • An understanding of how communities around the world are affected and constrained by different environments.

The syllabus is divided into three themes which have been designed to develop an understanding of both the natural and the human environment:

  • Population and settlement
  • The natural environment
  • Economic development
 
History

Lower Secondary:

History is a subject that helps to ignite students’ curiosity and imagination. It motivates them through the discovery of inspirational historical figures and events, and the dilemmas, choices and beliefs of the people in the past. It also helps them develop their own identities through understanding history at local, national and international levels. Students will discover and comprehend more extensively the history of their own community, Britain, Europe and the World.

Year 7:

Battle of 1066: William the Conqueror; Thomas Beckett, King John and Magna Carta; War with France; Joan of Arc, The Peasants’ Revolt 1381; Middle Ages England and China; Tudor Line; Travelling in the Middle Ages; Pilgrimages; The Crusades; Massacre of 1190; Black People in Tudor England and Europeans exploring the World.

Year 8:

Reformation; English Civil War; Act of Union; the Qing Dynasty; French Revolution; Chartism; Black Death; Great Fire of London; Immigrants in Britain; American Indians; Law and Order 18th and 19th Century; British Empire; Slavery and the Scramble for Africa.

Year 9

Suffragettes; World War I and II; Terrorism; Genocides; USA 1930s: Communism: Cold War; British in India; African Colonies gain Independence and Migration from Africa to Hawaii.

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE History (0470)

This syllabus offers the opportunity to study world history from the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first century. Learners will explore history from a diversity of perspectives, including social, economic, cultural and political. Cambridge IGCSE History encourages learners to raise questions and to develop and deploy historical skills, knowledge and understanding in order to provide historical explanations.

Learners studying Cambridge IGCSE History are given the opportunity to:

  • develop an interest in and enthusiasm for learning about and understanding the past;
  • explore historical concepts such as cause and consequence, change and continuity, and similarity and difference;
  • appreciate historical evidence and how to use it;
  • gain a greater understanding of international issues and inter-relationships;
  • learn how to present clear, logical arguments.
 
ICT
Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Lower Secondary:

Our computer literacy classes prepare the children for the future: a world in which computers will play an ever increasing role. Children navigate the world of keyboards, software, the internet and word-processing programmes. Currently our lower secondary school is running an international curriculum provided by Technokids.

 

TechnoKids Computer Curriculum includes over 50 technology projects that include meaningful activities teachers can use to teach essential technology skills. Technology skills include: word processing, programming, photo editing, animation, spreadsheets, desktop publishing, Internet, databases, operating systems, and presentation skills.

 

TechnoKids uses a Project Based Learning instructional approach. Project Based Learning is a unique approach to teaching technology skills. With project based learning students complete technology projects that focus around problem solving tasks. Students learn technology skills gradually as they complete activities such as publishing a magazine, creating a multimedia storyboard, or developing a website.

 

Our computer laboratory is fully equipped with the latest hardware and software resources.

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE : Information and Communication Technology (0417)

The Cambridge IGCSE Information and Communication Technology syllabus encourages students to develop lifelong skills including:

  • the ability to understand and implement new and emerging technologies within a business environment;
  • how to analyse, design, implement, test and evaluate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) systems;
  • considering the impact which new technologies will have on ways of working and the social, economic and ethical issues associated with them;
  • awareness of the ways ICT can help in practical and work-related scenarios.

Assessment of the practical tests is hardware and software independent. Any hardware platform, operating system, and applications packages can be used, providing that students have the opportunity to demonstrate the full range of skills in the syllabus.

 
Malay Language

Lower Secondary:

All students in years 7 – 9 are taught Malay as a foreign language. Should they continue studying beyond year 9 this leads to an IGCSE qualification at the end of year 11. The course concentrates on the four skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening, which will enable the students to communicate effectively in a second language as well as provide them with a valuable knowledge of another culture.

Upper Secondary:

Cambridge IGCSE Malay is a compulsory subject for all Malaysian citizens. It is accepted by universities and employers as proof of linguistic ability and understanding. The Cambridge IGCSE Malay syllabus encourages students to develop lifelong skills, including:

  • the ability to use a foreign language as a means of practical communication;
  • insight into the culture and civilisation of countries where the language is spoken;
  • a positive attitude towards language learning, towards the speakers of other languages, and towards other cultures and civilisations
  • techniques which can be applied to other areas of learning, such as analysis and memory skills;
  • a sound foundation for progression to employment or further study.

Candidates who are awarded grades C to A* in a Cambridge IGCSE foreign language syllabus are well prepared to follow Level 3 courses, or the equivalent, in the same language.

 
Mandarin

Lower Secondary:

All students in years 7 – 9 are taught Mandarin as a foreign language. Should they continue studying beyond year 9 this leads to an IGCSE qualification at the end of year 11. The course concentrates on the four skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening, which will enable the students to communicate effectively in a second language as well as provide them with a valuable knowledge of another culture.

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE : Chinese (Mandarin) - Foreign Language (0547)

Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin Chinese is accepted by universities and employers as proof of linguistic ability and understanding. The course encourages learners to develop lifelong skills, including:

  • the ability to use a foreign language as a means of practical communication;
  • insight into the culture and civilisation of countries where the language is spoken;
  • a positive attitude towards language learning, towards the speakers of other languages, and towards other cultures and civilisations
  • techniques which can be applied to other areas of learning, such as analysis and memory skills;
  • a sound foundation for progression to employment or further study.

The syllabus content is organised around five broad Topic areas which provide contexts for the acquisition of vocabulary and the study of grammar and structures. Through the study of these Topic areas, candidates gain insight into target language countries and communities. The Topic areas are:

  • Everyday activities
  • Personal and social life
  • The world around us
  • The world of work
  • The international world.

Candidates who are awarded grades A* to C in Cambridge IGCSE Mandarin Chinese are well prepared to follow courses leading to AS and A Level Chinese, or the equivalent.

 
Maths

Lower Secondary:

The Mathematics Department follows the mathematics syllabus for Cambridge. All topics are comprehensively dealt with to provide students with a firm grounding in the subject to ensure a better understanding of the content. Each topic has an interesting introduction to enhance the students’ interest in studying mathematics and to encourage students to think creatively and innovatively.

Year 7:

Factors and Multiples; Integers; Rational Numbers; Estimation and Approximation; Fundamental Algebra; Number Sequence; Algebraic Equations and Simple Inequalities; Perimeter and Area of Simple Geometric Figures; Volume and Surface Area; Ratio, Rate and Speed; Percentages; Functions and Graphs; Statistics; Basic Geometrical Concepts and Properties; Angle Properties of Polygons; Geometrical Constructions.

Year 8:

Congruence and Similarity; Direct and Inverse Proportions; Expansion and Factorisation of Algebraic Expressions; Algebraic Manipulation and Formulae; Simultaneous Linear Equations; Pythagoras’ Theorem; Volume and Surface Area; Graphs of Linear Equations in Two Unknowns; Graphs of Quadratic Equations; Set Language and notation; Statistics; Probability.

Year 9:

Solution to Quadratic Equations; Indices and Standard Form; Linear Inequalities; Coordinate Geometry; Matrices; Application of Mathematics in Practical Situations; Linear Graphs and their Applications; Congruent and Similar Triangles; Area and Volume of Similar Figures and Solids; Trigonometrical Ratios; Further Trigonometry; Mensuratioin – Arc length, Sector Area, Radian Measure; Geometrical Properties of Circles.

Upper Secondary:

IGSCE: Mathematics (0580)

A compulsory subject for all students, IGCSE Mathematics is a fully examined course which encourages the development of mathematical knowledge as a key life skill, and as a basis for more advanced study. The syllabus aims to build students’ confidence by helping them develop a feel for numbers, patterns and relationships, and places a strong emphasis on solving problems and presenting and interpreting results. Students also learn how to communicate and reason using mathematical concepts.

IGCSE: Additional Mathematics (0606)

The Additional Mathematics syllabus is intended for high ability candidates who have achieved, or are likely to achieve, Grade A*, A or B in the Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics examination.

Successful Cambridge IGCSE Additional Mathematics candidates gain lifelong skills, including:

  • the further development of mathematical concepts and principles;
  • the extension of mathematical skills and their use in more advanced techniques;
  • an ability to solve problems, present solutions logically and interpret results;
  • a solid foundation for further study.

The aims of the course are to enable candidates to:

  • consolidate and extend their elementary mathematical skills, and use these in the context of more advanced techniques;
  • further develop their knowledge of mathematical concepts and principles, and use this knowledge for problem solving;
  • appreciate the interconnectedness of mathematical knowledge;
  • acquire a suitable foundation in mathematics for further study in the subject or in mathematics related subjects;
  • devise mathematical arguments and use and present them precisely and logically;
  • integrate information technology (IT) to enhance the mathematical experience;
  • develop the confidence to apply their mathematical skills and knowledge in appropriate situations;
  • develop creativity and perseverance in the approach to problem solving;
  • derive enjoyment and satisfaction from engaging in mathematical pursuits, and gain an appreciation of the beauty, power and usefulness of mathematics.
 
Science

Lower Secondary:

At this level, the Science Department aims to develop and nurture the skills and cognitive processes necessary for a comprehensive understanding of scientific concepts in the world around us. The framework of study describes the topics which will be assessed in the areas of Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

As far as possible these topics will be approached through practical work and related to everyday experiences. Students will also be encouraged and aided to be innovative and critical in their thinking.

Year 7:

Characteristics of Living Things; Major Organ Systems; Cells; Classification and Variation; Habitats; Acids and Bases; Physical and Chemical Changes; The Theory of Particles: Separating Techniques; Measurement; Forces and Their Effects; Fuels and Energy; Electric Circuits.

Year 8:

Food; Digestion; Breathing and Circulation; Respiration; Atoms and Elements; Compounds and Mixtures; Metals and Non-metals; Magnets and Electromagnets; Light; Sound; Energy Transformations;

Year 9:

Photosynthesis; Seeds; Food Chains and Webs; Electric Charge; Heat Energy Transfer; Pressure and Density; Electric Current; Preparation of Salts; Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions; Rates of Reactions; Periodic Table.

Upper Secondary:

IGCSE: Physics (0625)

Students of Physics gain lifelong skills, including:

  • an understanding of the usefulness (and limitations) of scientific method, and its application in other subjects and in everyday life;
  • a concern for accuracy and precision;
  • an understanding of the importance of safe practice
  • an awareness of the importance of objectivity, integrity, enquiry, initiative and inventiveness.

Cambridge IGCSE Physics also provides opportunities for students to:

  • become confident in a technological world, with an informed interest in scientific matters;
  • develop an understanding of how scientific theories and methods have developed, and continue to develop, as a result of groups and individuals working together;
  • understand that the study and practice of science are affected and limited by social, economic, technological, ethical and cultural factors;
  • community and the environment;
  • appreciate that science overcomes national boundaries and that the language of science, used correctly and thoroughly, is universal;
  • develop an interest in, and care for, the environment.
IGCSE Chemistry (0620)

As well as focussing on Chemistry, this syllabus enables students to:

  • better understand the technological world in which they live, and take an informed interest in science and scientific developments;
  • learn about the basic principles of Chemistry through a mix of theoretical and practical studies;
  • develop an understanding of the scientific skills essential for further study at Cambridge International A Level, skills which are useful in everyday life;
  • learn how science is studied and practised, and become aware that the results of scientific research can have both good and bad effects on individuals, communities and the environment.
IGCSE: Biology (0610)

As well as a subject focus, the Biology syllabus enables students to:

  • better understand the technological world, with an informed interest in scientific matters;
  • recognise the usefulness (and limitations) of scientific method, and how to apply this to other discipline and in everyday life;
  • develop relevant attitudes, such as a concern for accuracy and precision, objectivity, integrity, enquiry, initiative and inventiveness;
  • further interest in, and care for, the environment;
  • better understand the influence and limitations placed on scientific study by society, economy, technology, ethics, the community and the environment;
  • develop an understanding of the scientific skills essential for both further study at Cambridge International A Level and in everyday life.